Tips for High Water Steelhead

Tips for High Water Steelhead
A dimer on a high water day.

So far in the Northwest, this has been a winter of extremes: a full month of ultra-low water, then weeks of near flood stage. I've been switching my tackle back and forth from light heads and short tips to massive heads and long tips, and I've burned through flies I rarely get a chance to fish.

But now, given these ocean currents and the pending storms, I'm guessing we're in for a long spell of heavy flows and murky water. These conditions can be ideal swinging conditions, though the river might not look like you remember. Here are some strategies I use to find clients fish during high water:

//www.flyfisherman.com/files/2012/01/IMG_57691-300x199.jpg
An angler targeting a run at high water that is normally too slow to fish.

1) Selecting holding water: Go high, go inside. Those sections of the river that are high in the watershed tend to remain fishable long after the lower portions of the river blow out. Look for those runs or pools that you normally don't fish because they're too slow; ideally, they'll be above or below heavy water and contain some fish holding structure like boulders or ledges. Target your search on a section of the river that has a big bend; inside seams can stay fishable long after everything else has blown out.

2) Selecting flies: Go big, go black. Dark flies show up well under murky conditions, much better (on the rivers I fish anyway) than light colored flies. So I like to fish black patterns that are also rather large, upwards of five inches, during high water.


3) Effective Presentation: Go short, go tight. When most guys show up on a swollen river, they continue to target the lies that hold fish under normal conditions, that is to say those lies in mid-current. Rarely, though, will steelhead be holding in those places during high water events. Instead in these runs, they slide to the shores, where the bank itself offers a break from the current and cover from predation. As a result, I suggest my clients fish a short line in such places, often only twenty feet, and use the rod tip to steer the fly all the way to the bank. Snagging grass or willows means your fishing where the high water steelhead hold. Most folks also try to sink their flies all the way to the bottom in the middle of the run, meaning their fly will snag when it comes close to shore, where the fish often are. If I think the fish will be tight to the bank, I remove the weight from my flies to keep them fishing well all the way to the bank.


//www.flyfisherman.com/files/2012/01/IMG_5820-300x199.jpg
A dimer on a high water day.

On the last high water event, I watched a chrome fish come out from under a bank and take a black Intruder in a lunging jump; it landed with a slap as loud as a beaver's tail--leaving the angler stunned. All of this happened just twenty-five feet downstream of where he was standing.


One more tip: we often like to think that water level determines when a river is "blown." However, fishable runs remain on most rivers even when a river is cranking at flood stage. The real determiner of when a river is "blown" is water clarity, not height. For me, I continue to fish a river with confidence if I can still see my feet when I wade in to my knees.

Get Your Fish On.

Plan your next fishing and boating adventure here.

Recommended for You

Here are step-by-step instructions for tying the Strong Arm Merkin fly. Fly Tying

Tying the Strong Arm Merkin

David W. Skok - July 09, 2019

Here are step-by-step instructions for tying the Strong Arm Merkin fly.

Here's a look at 8 new fly lines for 2019. Lines

8 New Fly Lines for 2019

Fly-Fisherman

Here's a look at 8 new fly lines for 2019.

The Kamikaze Sculpin is easy to tie, versatile, and smartly designed to get the job done. Fly Tying

Tying the Kamikaze Sculpin

Charlie Craven

The Kamikaze Sculpin is easy to tie, versatile, and smartly designed to get the job done.

See More Recommendations

Popular Videos

Black Beauty

Black Beauty

Master fly tier Charlie Craven discuss the tools and materials needed to tie the Black Beauty.

Bahamas - Bonefish

Bahamas - Bonefish

Conway casts for his personal best bonefish while fishing the Grand Bahama islands.

 Getting Started In Fly Fishing

Getting Started In Fly Fishing

Getting Started In Fly Fishing

See more Popular Videos

Trending Stories

Read about Colorado's backcountry fly fishing in United States

Indian Peaks Wilderness Area Colorado

Steven B. Schweitzer - May 03, 2016

Read about Colorado's backcountry fly fishing in " Indian Peaks Wilderness Area Colorado."

The fly fishing communities in the U.S. and Belize are mourning after twin slayings that occurred on what appeared to be a routine guide trip on Sunday, June 23, 2019 in a shallow lagoon near San Pedro, Brazil. Industry

Fly Fishing Community Stunned by Twin Slayings on Belize Saltwater Flat

Fly Fisherman Online Staff - June 27, 2019

The fly fishing communities in the U.S. and Belize are mourning after twin slayings that...

American River California United States

American River California

MIchael Wier - March 23, 2017

American River California

See More Stories

More Trout

The best tip for fishing current is to consistently present a team of nymphs low and slow near the riverbed. Trout

Nymphing: Low & Slow

Lance Egan - December 05, 2017

The best tip for fishing current is to consistently present a team of nymphs low and slow near...

Fresh sea trout don't just look different, they act different, and they are rare specimens of a natural world that is transient and evolving right before our eyes. Trout

Silver Sea Trout

Ross Purnell, Editor - November 06, 2017

Fresh sea trout don't just look different, they act different, and they are rare specimens of...

Finicky Trout Trout

Food For Finicky Trout

Matthew Supinski - February 01, 2016

Finicky Trout

See More Trout

GET THE MAGAZINE Subscribe & Save

Temporary Price Reduction.

SUBSCRIBE NOW

Give a Gift   |   Subscriber Services

PREVIEW THIS MONTH'S ISSUE

GET THE NEWSLETTER Join the List and Never Miss a Thing.