Manitoba Fly Fishing In The Great Parkland
October 07, 2014
There is nothing quite like the expectation of casting flies from a pontoon boat into a reed-lined trough where big trout are known to cruise. Each strip could bring the desired thump, jump, and run of a huge trout — the kind that puts 2X tippet at risk of breaking, if your streamer hook doesn't fail first.
This type anticipation preceded my cast into the clear waters of Patterson Lake. As hoped, the water boiled and my rod tip dipped toward the spot where my Beaver Leech had been. In seconds, the fish made my slack fly line disappear, and soon my reel was humming as the fish (luckily) steamrolled away from the reeds and into open water.
The fish jumped again, this time a startling "is that my fish?" moment as the line disappeared in one direction, and the trout erupted from the water far to my right. I managed to straighten my connection to the trout and the fish jumped again, back-flipping down onto my leader and forcing me to drop my rod tip tarpon-style to protect the tippet from breaking.
The fish changed tactics and ran toward me. Clearly, I was reacting to every move the trout made, and not nearly in control of the situation. I frantically tried to reel in line but couldn't take it in quickly enough, so I began stripping line until the fish jumped close enough to spray water in my face, and then streaked in the other direction.
Loops of loose line around my fingers and my oars could have ended the fight, but I managed to clear them just in time to see my backing knot again disappear out of my tip-top.
Eventually the fish ran out of opportunities, and I used my flippers and constant rod pressure to bring him to the net. The 26-inch rainbow had a massive girth that likely pushed it over the 10-pound mark, but that wasn't the amazing part. My experiences in the previous few days told me that there were trout just like this one throughout the public lakes of Manitoba's
Parkland region. Access is free for any do-it-yourselfer, it's a one-day drive from much of the Midwest, yet it seemed my buddies and I who drove up from Utah had the place to ourselves.
Canola Field Hawgs
In the grain fields and rolling hills of southern Manitoba fly fishing there is much more than just public lakes with trophy trout fishing. What has been developed here is a successful cooperative alliance that could be duplicated to the benefit of local fisheries and regional economies in many places.
There have long been some great fishing destinations in the glacial shield lakes of Manitoba, especially the remote northern lakes filled with pike, walleye, and brook trout. But the lakes in the more accessible southern region were not historically known for great trout fishing.
Sure, stocked trout grew quickly in the fertile waters, but summer algae blooms and long, hard winters depleted the oxygen levels, causing cyclical fish kills before the trout had a chance to grow to trophy proportions.
Fortunately, local anglers, businesses, government agencies, and fly-fishing clubs recognized the potential of these lakes and started FLIPPR, (Fish and Lake Improvement Program for the Parkland Region, flippr.ca). FLIPPR combined the efforts of these various stakeholders to help identify, create, improve, fund, and manage high-quality trout fishing in the region.
FLIPPR doesn't stock trout or directly manage the lakes, but it does donate funds to cover the purchase and operating expense of government-installed aerators, and it presents stocking recommendations to Manitoba Water Stewardship. FLIPPR has also been influential in bringing trophy trout regulations to the region, and this organized pride also results in a strong regional catch-and-release ethic.
The result has been a boom in both trophy trout and tourism, although you'd never know it out on the water. Despite increased angling hours, there are so many lakes in the Oakburn, Rossburn, Russell, and Roblin areas that angling pressure is widely spaced.
These are prime small-boat lakes, with only fair wade fishing due to the muddy bottoms, reeds, and shoreline weed beds. But they are perfect lakes for watercraft such as canoes, kayaks, prams, stand-up paddleboards, pontoon boats, and any other type of one-man inflatable craft. Gas motors are not permitted, and that keeps the lakes quiet and peaceful for fly fishing. There is some wind, but I always welcome it, as a nice chop on the water makes the trout less spooky.
My watercraft preference is to use a pontoon boat with an electric motor rigged so the motor pulls you backward while you use kick fins just to steer into casting position. The motor takes you from point A to point B and compensates for the wind, making it much easier to stay out all day without wearing out your legs.
This also leaves your hands free to cast and strip line while fishing or while playing a fish. It's an extremely efficient and effective method, not just for these lakes, but any stillwater lake from Utah's Strawberry Reservoir to the Kamloops area, British Columbia.
Of course you can always troll flies, a time-honored tradition that certainly produces fish, but I prefer to work the water thoroughly with casting and retrieve patterns, often dropping an anchor or using fins to assure you remain in one spot. Surface activity is sporadic, so most anglers use a variety of lake nymphs, leeches, wet flies, and streamers to ply the water.
My favorite way to find trout in an unfamiliar Manitoba lake is to use a herringbone search pattern. To do this, position your craft about 40 to 100 feet from shallow, shoreline structure then cast, retrieve, and repeat on left and right sides of your boat as you slowly move backwards along the perimeter of the lakeshore or across a bay. If hits come mostly inshore, then fish are likely cruising the edges for food. If fish strike more on the open-water side, then move out deeper and repeat the process.
These littoral and sub-littoral zones are prime areas to find fish. If you find fish eating regularly in 12 feet of water (for example), the lake contours may be 10 feet offshore, or 100 yards out in a bay, depending on the lake topography. Even in deep water where you can't see the bottom you are still fishing structure, and fishing depth is often critical.
The fish also may be suspended at depths along a contour. This matters greatly if trout have a small strike zone, and won't move far to take a fly. You have to fish at or very close to their level and cruising area to get hits. On other days it seems that any fly that keeps moving gets eaten, almost regardless of depth or area. These large-strike-zone days are fun — enjoy them! — but to be consistent, you'll need to develop a sense of what your fly is doing and how to repeat your successes once you've found them.
My most successful Manitoba fly-fishing sessions have been when I discovered through experimentation and observation what bottom contour and depth the fish were feeding at, and then reproduced those results regularly with the right fly line, fly, and retrieves. Although fly pattern is important at many times in Parkland lakes, retrieve depth and speed is often equally important.
The right sink rate of fly line is very important. My favorites are the clear, slow-sinking lake lines that sink at about 1.5 inches per second (often called intermediates even though their sink rates are more than true intermediates) and also a type 3 or type 4 sink rate such as RIO's InTouch Deep 3 or RIO's InTouch Deep 5. I also carry a floating line for shallow feeders and dry-fly situations, and a real fast sinker like RIO's InTouch Deep 7, which sinks at 7 to 8 inches per second.
Retrieves can be basic or complex. Fast retrieves are good when searching waters with baitfish-type streamers, but leeches and nymphs should normally be fished very slowly. A slow retrieve also allows you to experiment by swimming the fly through different depths following a single cast. If hits come early, a slow-sinking line is in order. If hits come after it has time to sink, either increase the line sink rate, or increase your countdown to get the fly to that level before starting the retrieve. Also be ready for hits to occur as the fly sinks during the countdown, or pauses between strips.
Some fly fishers like to "bong" for trout. This is a specialized stillwater method using a floating line, a 9- to 30-foot leader, and a Quick Release Indicator (stillwaterflyfishingstore.com). You pin the indicator in place, but it pops loose when you set the hook, and slides up and down the leader. This allows you to use very long leaders and suspend nymphs and other
small flies at specific depths. The method is often very effective when fish are being picky and not hitting swimming flies.
Rods are personal preference, but I suggest mostly 8½- to 10-foot sticks from 5- to 7-weights. You'll be under-gunned with a 4-weight, and an 8-weight may splash too heavily and wear out your arm.
Electronic depth finders are helpful for keeping you in the right zones. Few avid stillwater fly fishers go without a sonar unit at least some of the time. Since it seldom shows fish in the shallow depths (unless it has a super-wide transducer beam or a side-finder function), it is mainly used to determine the bottom contours you need to identify the feeding lanes of stillwater trout.
Trout sometimes shy away from sonar signals and other underwater noise-generating items like motors, so it's not a bad idea to turn them off and go into stealth mode once you know the lay of the land, so to speak. Use quiet fin movements or a light breeze to move you along a fishing lane, then motor back around upwind for another quiet pass.
Also, the biggest fish seem to sense boats at the surface at close range.
Anglers who can cast far always seem to get bigger trout, but to be honest, a 40-foot cast by a stealthy fly fisher catches plenty of good trout as well. In general, the noisier you are, the farther you'll have to cast.
As you would rightly suspect, you can't grow fish this size without a bountiful food supply. Manitoba's Parkland lakes are full of caddis, mayflies, midges, scuds, daphnia, leeches, minnows, backswimmers, damselflies, dragonflies, and quite a few terrestrials. Many common lake flies work in Manitoba but there are also some specific flies you should tie or buy especially for these waters.
If you are already an ardent stillwater fly fisher, you probably already have many of the flies that you need, and your favorites will work here. However, there are some patterns that you may not have thought of. A good reference is Bob Sheedy's Top 50 Stillwater Fly Patterns (Fly Fishing Canada Publications, 2004). Sheedy is a local fly fisher (mwflyfishing.net) who has spent years working with FLIPPR and fishing the Parkland lakes. His book is a result of years of experience and success on these waters.
My fly box carries the following Manitoba Parkland favorites: Beaver Leech, Purple Beaver Bugger, California Leech, Punkinkead Leech, Tullis Wiggle Bug, Pine Squirrel Zonker, Stickleback Minnow, P-Quad, Midnight Fire Bugger, Doc Spratley, and the Spear Lake Renegade.
Since there are no major airports in the immediate area, you'll need to either drive from your home base (10 hours from Minneapolis) or else fly to Winnipeg and then drive to Russell, Oakburn, Rossburn, or Roblin, Manitoba. Whether you are driving or flying you'll need a current passport. Be polite, and law-abiding tourists should breeze right through the border crossing.
I use Russell Inn (russellinn.com) as my headquarters but the Jolly Lodger (jollylodger.com) also hosts many fly fishers, and there are accommodations in most towns and also some lakeside lodges.
There is a campground at Patterson Lake (rossburn.ca) that helps keep you on the water in those critical summer morning and evening hours.
The motels and stores in the area are likely FLIPPR contributors and supporters. They may not fish themselves but they help keep the lakes vibrant, and every local I've run into has been very friendly and helpful.
These lakes and these fish are a valuable resource, so treat them with respect for the next visitor, or for yourself when you return. This is a special place for stillwater fly fishers, and although there are no fancy fly-fishing lodges or destination fly shops, it's a worthy destination for independent souls who like to figure things out for themselves. If you do require some one-on-one instruction, stillwater expert Phil Rowley (flycraftangling.com) conducts annual schools in the area.
Once you learn the waters, you'll fall in love with the trout, the region, and the people. I know several fly fishers who for many years have made two trips per year, each one two weeks long, to float these waters. It is that good.
This lake north of Oakburn is the original FLIPPR showpiece, and has a variety of bays, islands, reefs, and points with trout in the 14- to 28-inch range. A 30-incher is possible. Just about any structure from 2 to 18 feet deep is worthy of some searching retrieves for the big browns and 'bows there, and the campground makes it easy to stay on the water during the best hours. It's very close to Tokaruk Lake.
This is one of the "hot" lakes, past and present because its 'bows and browns grow fast, and these muscled footballs are some of the hardest-fighting trout you'll ever catch. Use 2X or heavier tippet or you'll lose all your flies. I'm not kidding!
Two lakes in one, Twin Lake is a tiger trout lake located in a scenic, wooded location north of Roblin. It's a great place for a change of scenery, or to get out of the wind. Tigers are beautiful, and if you've never caught this brown/brook hybrid, Twin Lake should be on your must-do list.
One of the "newest" lakes in the area, Persse Lake received both trout and aeration in 2010. The trout are now mature, and this lake has the potential in the next two or three years to produce some truly giant rainbows and browns.
This fairly new FLIPPR project is already producing some hefty rainbows and tigers.
North of the Town of Sandy, this lake suffered winterkill several years ago due to an aeration malfunction. It was replanted with rainbows, and is a clear example of how fast the fish grow in these lakes. Already the fish are as big as they were before the fish kill.
Lake 400 is located just south of the town of Sandy Lake. It is not a FLIPPR lake, and there is no aerator, but so far it seems it doesn't need it. The growth rates are high from the abundant insects and minnows.
East and West
If you like to fish for 20- to 30-inch trout right in downtown Roblin, these are your lakes. Despite the urban setting, the fishing is good enough that it hosted the Canadian Fly Fishing Championships a few years ago. These lakes are also home to many perch.
Duck Mountain Lakes
These stillwaters are in a provincial park north of Roblin. The region is a wonderful boreal forested area with many clear lakes, hills, lodges, and camping opportunities in addition to some great fishing at times in dozens of lakes. Use gov.mb.ca to research Manitoba's parks before you visit; the website has maps and information on campgrounds and lodges in the area, not to mention other activities for families. If you want to combine a family vacation with a fishing trip, Duck Mountain Provincial Park should be on the list. Don't confuse it with Saskatchewan's nearby Duck Mountain Park.
Fishing is often good right near the launch ramp for smaller fish, especially in spring and fall. For the more adventurous, motor or row to the islands or the remote other end of Gull Lake in search of bigger brookies, splake, lake whitefish, and rainbows to 30 inches.
East Blue Lake
Several of Manitoba's trout records come from here, but the water is so clear that fly anglers sometimes have difficulty here except during spring and fall. Long casts with long, light leaders are required, unless night or low light and wind makes the large, experienced fish less spooky.
This small 13-acre lake has potential for large brown trout up to 30 inches, and smallmouth bass to 24 inches. I've done best here fishing weighted nymphs and small leeches slow and deep.
At close to 1,000 acres, Laurie Lake is avoided by some fly fishers who prefer other more intimate waters. That doesn't change the fact that there are browns and splake to 28 inches, and plenty of room to roam.
A small lake near East Blue Lake, this is a great spot to get out of the wind and still have good fishing.
G.Loomis PRO-4x $480-$575 (Switch Rod)
About a year ago, G.Loomis introduced its new PRO-4x rod series — rods that mimic the actions of the top-of-the-line NRX series because they share the same tapers, but they don't use the same expensive resin systems and carbon fibers as G.Loomis's best-performing rods. What you're left with is a series of well-designed rods that are fun to cast, and affordable enough that you can get more than one. Initially, the PRO-4x was a family of single-handed rods, but in 2014 it's expanding to include switch and two-handed models for everything from trout fishing in big rivers to true Spey casting for anadromous species.
Like previous PRO-4x rods, the switch and two-handed models use some tapers from the more expensive NRX series, so if you like the 13-foot, 8/9-weight NRX, you're likely to appreciate the same rod in the PRO-4x series. But you're even more likely to enjoy the price difference. With a trout rod, a PRO-4x is about $280 cheaper, but when you get into switch and Spey rods, the savings run up to $500 and more, and you still get much of the 'œfeel' of a performance rod.
Although the series is based on NRX tapers, there are some original gems in the family. The 10\'6" 5-weight PRO-4x has no equivalent in the NRX series, yet our tester thought it was 'œthe perfect trout switch rod. While most switch rods are actually too long and too heavy for extended use with one hand, this one is a real multipurpose tool that you can Czech nymph with, hit a snap-T when the bank is tight behind you, or cast dry flies to rising trout.' gloomis.com
For more information see our Fly Fisherman Review and video G. Loomis Pro-4x
For other award winners see our 2014 Gear Guide Awards
Orvis Helios 2 Switch $885 (Switch Rod)
When rod designer Shawn Combs set out to add switch rods to the popular Helios 2 rod family, he had the same parameters — a 20% reduction in swing weight, and a 20% increase in strength.
'œWhen we were designing the Helios 2 switch rods, we wanted to reduce their swing weight (from the original Helios) without sacrificing any power or accuracy,' explained Combs. 'œThe H2's steep tapers allowed us to keep more mass in the butt section for fish fighting and longer casts, but the rods are still light enough to overhand cast like a 10-footer.'
Like the single-handed H2s, the switch rods have midnight blue blanks, crushproof REC Recoil guides, California buckeye burl reel seats with black-nickel skeletons, cork handles, and cork-composite on the top and bottom of the handle. The rods will be available in five different 11-foot models, from 5-weights through 9-weights. orvis.com
Redington Dually $250 (Switch Rod)
Price has been an obstacle for many fly fishers wanting to get into two-handed rods. It's not that there haven't been inexpensive rods out there, but that there haven't been good inexpensive rods. It seems 2014 is the breakthrough year when you don't have to break the bank to get a decent Spey or switch rod, and the Dually definitely falls into this category. Available in 4- through 8-weights in switch, and 6- through 8-weight Spey models, the Dually is a simple casting tool with an all-cork handle and alignment dots for easy setup. redington.com
Redington Vapen $350
Yes, there's an interesting story behind the blank of the new Redington Vapen Red — the X-Wrap Blank Technology creates a lightweight, quick rod with surprising power — but the bright red PowerGrip handle is what really turns heads.
Redington collaborated with the golf club grip company Winn Grips to develop the advanced polymer grip that has better traction than cork, feels softer and more comfortable in your hand, yet is firm enough that it doesn't drain power when you want to push a powerful cast into the wind. We tested this rod (and grip) extensively at Deneki Outdoors Andros South Lodge, and found many other advantages — it doesn't pick up dirt like cork, it's easier to clean, and it doesn't chip, dent, or flake. It was tactile and easy to grip and apply force in the tropics where sweat, sunscreen, and bonefish slime can quickly make a cork handle as hard to hold as a bar of soap.
The Vapen is also available with a regular cork handle for $50 less, and although it won Best Saltwater Rod at the 2013 International Fly Tackle Dealer show, it comes in a range of weights from 3- through 12-weight, making it just as applicable in fresh water. redington.com
For more information see our Fly Fisherman Review and video Redington Vapen
Sage Method $800-[imo-slideshow gallery=148],050
Although Sage isn't officially calling this a saltwater rod, we tested the new fast-action Method on the bonefish flats of South Andros Island and found it's the perfect tool for launching long, accurate casts in calm conditions where you can see the fish coming (and they can see you) from a long way off. And it's just as effectively when the wind is howling, and you need to make a powerful cast right into the teeth of a gale.
But since there are also 4- to 6-weights with wood insert real seats in the rod family, and nine different Spey and switch models, it's much more than a saltwater series — it's a high-performance casting tool for people who enjoy pushing the ceiling higher and higher.
'œSage's DNA is synonymous with fast-action rods, and through Konnetic Technology, we've taken seriously smooth, ultra-fast action performance to a new place entirely,' said Sage chief rod designer, Jerry Siem. 'œOur newest high-performance rods will make any caster better, but will also help experienced casters notch exceptional casts with regularity.' sageflyfish.com
For more information see our Fly Fisherman Review and video Sage Method
For other award winners see our 2014 Gear Guide Awards
Sage Pike & Musky $595
Everyone knows about Sage's Smallmouth and Largemouth Bass II rods — deeply loading rods for big flies and big fish in warmwater situations. Sage has now created two more specialty species-oriented rods, the Pike and the Musky. These rods have the same cosmetics and hardware as the 7\'9" tournament-inspired rods in the Bass II series, but are 9\' long and designed to throw even bigger flies, and they also have oversized stripping guides and extended fighting butts.
The Pike rod is a 9\' 10-weight, and the Musky is a 9\' 11-weight, and each comes with an appropriate floating Pike or Musky line. Our testers used both models on Wollaston Lake, Saskatchewan, for pike up to 50 inches, and found they were perfectly suited to giant flies up to 18 inches, and surface-churning topwater bugs that attract monster pike in shallow bays. sageflyfish.com
Scott Radian $795
Sometimes it's major improvements to rod blank technology that set a new rod apart. Other times, it's little functional switch-ups and cosmetic changes that woo consumers. In the case of the new Radian, it's both. Jim Bartschi and his crew at Scott Fly Rods have hit a home run.
The Radian uses Scott's X-Core design to create a wide, stable tube with thin, sensitive walls, along with ReAct technology to speed rod recovery time and reduce vibrations when the rod stops. Getting rid of these extra 'œwobbles' has been a goal of rod designers for a long time, and Scott seems to have brought us a step forward with a rod that casts with crispness and authority, but still has the feeling of connection you need in a trout tool.
And while some might consider a rod handle 'œcosmetic' I'd have to disagree. Your grip, and the handle on the rod, can affect the way you cast, and a full wells grip reduces hand fatigue and is a better grip for a wider range of distances and conditions. Sage did it last year with the ONE series, and we may be seeing the beginning of a trend here with the full wells grip on the Scott Radian.
Another improvement is the REC wood-insert reel seat with an uplocking ring Bartschi calls 'œself-indexing.' What this means is that you don't have to spin the reel seat ring to find a proper alignment for the reel foot. It's always perfectly aligned in relation to the forward hood under the handle. It's a very small thing — and no one has ever failed to seat their reel properly due to lack of a self-indexing reel seat — but it shows that Scott is thinking about consumers, and considering just about every possible path to make things slicker and more convenient.
Other small details like Universal Snake guides with curved, 'œradiused' feet that fit slimmer on a rounded blank; alignment dots; and measuring wraps on the blank all add up to a rod that has forward-thinking design and higher performance in mind. The fly-fishing industry seems to agree, as the rod won Best Freshwater Rod at the 2013 International Fly Tackle Dealer show, and also overall Best in Show. The 4-piece rods are available in 4- to 8-weight models. scottflyrod.com
For more information see our Fly Fisherman Review and video Scott Radian
For other award winners see our 2014 Gear Guide Awards
St. Croix Legend X $480-$490
The black Xtreme Skin handle on St. Croix's newest rod series is durable, easy to clean, and is solidly adhered directly to the rod blank in thin layers. Think of it as a handle that is painted millimeter by millimeter right onto the blank in the Park Falls, Wisconsin, factory. The solid Xtreme Skin handle gives you greater feel with what's going on at the other end of the rod because of this direct contact with the blank, and there's no dampening effect caused by the cork and glue in traditional handles.
The rods also have a new combination of four carbon fiber materials, chosen and designed for the extra casting power needed for large flies, and for fighting large fish. The rods have custom, saltwater-safe reel seats, fighting butts, and Fuji K-series stripping guides to prevent tangles when shooting long casts. Built with bass, pike, and muskies in mind, the 9\' rods are available in 7- through 10-weights. stcroixrods.com
For more information see our Fly Fisherman Review and video St. Croix Legend X
Winston Boron III LS $795
The hallmark of boron is its powerful strength-to-weight ratio, but you don't need a big gun for most dry-fly situations. What Winston has done with the new Boron III LS series is use 10+ years of boron experience to create a light, accurate dry-fly rod with the best modern technology and hardware behind it. While you can get the LS with a traditional nickel silver and burled wood reel seat, you can also choose an updated, lightweight, skeletonized, aluminum-over-graphite reel seat. The rod has chrome, Nanolite stripper guides, comes in a graphite rod tube, and is available in 2- through 5-weight models from 7\' to 9\'. winstonrods.com
For more information see our Fly Fisherman Review and video Winston Boron III LS